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Meta faces competition probe in Italy after pulling music by Italian songwriters from its platforms

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Italy’s competitors watchdog is launching an investigation into Fb guardian Meta’s dealing with of licensing negotiations with the Italian Society of Authors and Publishers (SIAE).

The Italian Competitors Authority or AGCM on Wednesday (April 5) said Meta “may have unduly interrupted the negotiations for licensing the use, on its platforms, of musical rights thus abusing SIAE’s financial dependence”.

SIAE is the primary amassing society for tens of 1000’s of songwriters in Italy.

The regulator’s transfer comes simply weeks after Meta did not renew a cope with SIAE to license the usage of the society’s repertoire on its platforms.

SIAE mentioned it rejected a “take it or depart it” financial provide by Meta that lacked “any clear and shared analysis of the particular worth of the repertoire”.

The society additionally mentioned Meta threatened to take away the content material if its provide was not accepted. SIAE claimed it advised Meta that it was “[impossible] to just accept the provide” because the social media large “by no means shared the basic data obligatory for a good negotiation”.

SIAE says it didn’t settle for this provide, and Meta – which has apparently had no lively license for SIAE repertoire since January 1, 2023 – “immediately and unilaterally” began to take away its content material.

Italy’s antitrust regulator mentioned Meta may have “unduly interrupted” the talks for renewing the expired contract with SIAE and will have additionally denied SIAE all the data wanted to hold out negotiations which are according to Italian legal guidelines.

“Meta may have exploited its bargaining benefits by requesting SIAE to just accept an unfair financial provide with out offering to SIAE the related data to evaluate the financial equity of the provide,” AGCM mentioned.

“Meta may have exploited its bargaining benefits by requesting SIAE to just accept an unfair financial provide with out offering to SIAE the related data to evaluate the financial equity of the provide.”

Italian Competitors Authority

The regulator says that it goals to analyze if Meta prevented the usage of all musical content material of songwriters represented by SIAE, stressing that the corporate’s alleged “abuse of financial dependence… may have a major impression on competitors within the affected markets and trigger nice hurt to shoppers.”

“The Authority believes that Meta’s alleged abuse of financial dependence may even have a major impression on competitors within the affected markets and trigger nice hurt to shoppers.”

Italian Competitors Authority

AGCM additionally addressed the potential impression of Meta’s transfer on the viewers attain of Italian authors represented by SIAE and different amassing societies whose rights are co-managed by SIAE.

Moreover, Meta’s determination to drag SIAE’s repertoire from Fb, Instagram and different Meta-owned platforms may restrict shoppers’ alternative, mentioned AGCM.

They “might be disadvantaged of the prospect of utilizing musical works whose rights SIAE represents,” AGCM added.

AGCM warned that its investigation may result in the adoption of interim measures according to Italy’s antitrust legal guidelines.

“The interruption of the negotiation between Meta and SIAE may the truth is instantly have an effect on aggressive dynamics amongst events appearing as intermediaries of copyrights of musical works,” the watchdog mentioned.

“Therefore follows the necessity of interim measures which are supposed to make sure that the negotiating course of between SIAE and Meta can restart in accordance with the rules of excellent religion, transparency and fairness.”

AGCM’s probe additionally contains Meta’s items in Eire, the UK and Fb Italy.

A spokesperson for Meta told Reuters on Wednesday that, “We are going to absolutely cooperate with the inquiry from the Italian Competitors Authority. Defending the copyrights of songwriters and artists is a crucial precedence for us”.


Meta’s negotiations with SIAE comes practically a yr after the Fb guardian mentioned it’s going to begin instantly sharing a proportion of promoting income with music rightsholders for user-generated video content material.

The transfer permits Meta to share income to file labels which it struck licensing offers with akin to Common Music Group, Warner Music Group, and Kobalt Music Publishing.

Nevertheless, the brand new revenue-sharing mannequin comes at a time when Meta works to pare prices. The corporate not too long ago introduced a recent spherical of layoffs affecting 10,000 staff, along with the 11,000 redundancies introduced in November.

Music Enterprise Worldwide

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